Saraswati Veena (Designed for Solo Performers)

An Indian plucked instrument often used in South Indian Classical Music...

The story

History :

Saraswati Veena is an Indian plucked instrument. There are 4 types of Veena Instruments considered by scholars now-a-days and they are the Tanjavur (Saraswati) Veena, Rudra Veena, Vichitra Veena, and Gottuvadhyam (Chitra) Veena. While the Saraswati veena is considered in the Lute genealogy, other North Indian Veenas such as the Rudra Veena and Vichitra Veena are technically Zithers.

The Veena has a recorded history that dates back to the approximately 1700 BCE.

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About Saraswati Veena Instrument :

Basically, it is mostly used in Carnatic Music, a form of South Indian Classical Music. The current form of the Saraswati Veena with 24 fixed frets evolved in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, during the reign of Raghunatha Nayak and it is for this reason sometimes called the Tanjore Veena or the Raghunatha Veena.The Saraswati Veena contains 4 lead strings to play the solo lead part of the music and 3 drone strings played to provide the tempo informations. My father Sri. Gosto Chandra Patro, is popular among the students for training Carnatic Music on Vocals, Veena, Bansuri, Harmonium. He is also a Music Therapist and an Ayurvedic Doctor. He also did business in trading the musical instruments such as Veena, Bansuri (Indian Origin of Flute) and Harmonium. My grandfather Late Bhaktabachhala Patro, was a Veena Artist(Vainika) at All India Radio situated at Cuttack town in Odisha State of India. So, we have two of his Saraswati Veenas with a better maintenance. Pitampura in East Godavari District and Bobbili in Vijayanagara District of Andhra Pradesh State in India is famous for Veena makers.Please note that Indian Musicians really care for their respective musical instruments. That is why I am able to complete recording the samples of this Saraswati Veena.

Audio Production :

I have recorded one of the students (named as Ch. Ramakrishna, Ophthalmologist by profession and a Veena player) of my father. Since 2007, I used to accompany him on Tabla (an Indian percussion Instrument) in many Katcheris (an assembly of musicians and audience in the context of Carnatic Music).

For Sound Recording, I have used Shure SM7B and Audix OM2 moving coil microphones. Though it is an indoor recording setup, I took off the windshield of Shure SM7B and also took off the grill of Audix OM2. I have used Apollo Twin MKII Duo manufactured by Universal Audio. The whole audio production is completed using Logic Pro X and Mixbus 5 Digital Audio Workstations. I have completed the audio signal processing by taking advantage of emulated plugins manufactured by Universal Audio and Harrison Consoles. I have also edited the audio files and exported the audio files.


About the Author :

The Author, Girish Patro, is a well known Trainer in Music Production and Sound Engineering. He has trained more than 170 budding sound engineers, music performers, music educators at Sound Engineering Academy (Trivandrum), who are currently working at the Music Industry in India and abroad.

He also worked as a Sound Engineer Assistant at Omgrown Music Studio (Mumbai) who provide Music Production services to Ad Agencies and Film Production Companies.His work and workflow of each assigned task are appreciated by Music Performers and Record Producers.

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Leave a review to let others know what you thought of the instrument!

  • A unique and near perfect instrument!

    This is a fantastic and very unique instrument that has been sampled near-perfectly. You can clearly identify the indian characer and it plays really well. It has a very big range, and fortunately the notes doesn't seem to be stretched, though the lower you go, the more the chance of you noticing some white noise. On the highs though, after A5, the rest of the notes are multi-strummed ones, so it would be much better so those were coloured differently, at least in Kontakt. I'd stay away from them though because they sound way too stretched as you go up. Another note: Like many others, this is another insturment that there is no Kontakt label on the thumbnail...

    Alex Raptakis25 October 2021
  • One of my favourite sample instruments

    This instrument has a really lovely, clear sound, especially in the higher register. Despite being a 'solo instrument' I find it sits pretty easily into a mix with orchestrals or other instruments. The placement of the 'chord' keys immediately above the top of the melodic register is a little jarring - very easy to suddenly drop several octaves and hit a chord if you're ad-libbing a melody. I'd prefer to have these either below the lowest range or a few keys higher so it didn't merge into the melody. But otherwise the instrument is very nice and easy to use.

    Eamon19 October 2021